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背诵文选 1. Inauguration address 就职演说(节选) 约翰·肯尼迪 All this will not be finished in the first 100 days. Nor will it be finished in the first 1,000 days, nor in the life of this administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet. But let us begin. 所有这一切不可能在第一个一百天内完成, 也不可能在第一个一 千天,或者在本届政府的任期内完成,甚至也许不可能在我们居住在 这个星球上的有生之年内完成。但是,让我们开始! Now the trumpet summons us again-not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need; not as a call to battle, though embattled we are — but a call to bear the burden of a long twilight struggle, year in and year out“rejoicing in hope, patient in tribulation”—a struggle against the common enemies of man

tyranny, poverty, disease, and war itself. 现在,号角已再次奏响——不是召唤我们拿走武器,虽然我们需 要武器;不是召唤我们去作战,虽然我们严阵以待。它召唤我们为迎 接而肩负起漫长斗争的重任,年复一年, “从希望中得到欢乐,在苦 难中保持坚韧” ,去反对人类共同的敌人——专制、贫困、疾病和战 争本身。

And so, my fellow Americans

ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world

ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man. 因此,美国同胞们,不要问国家能力你们做些什么,而要问你们 能为国家做些什么。

全世界的公民们,不要间美国将为你们做些什么,而要问我们共 同能为人类的自中做些什么。

With a good conscience our only sure reward, with history the final judge of our deeds, let us go forth to lead the land we love, asking His blessing and His help, but knowing that here on earth God’s work must truly be our own. 问心无愧是我们惟一可靠的奖赏,历史是我们行动的最终裁判, 让我们走上前去,引导我们珍爱的土地,祈求上帝的祝福和帮助,但 要知道,确切地说,上帝在尘世的工作也必将是我们自己的工作。 1 熟读精思 2 I love you not because of who you are, but because of who I am when I am with you. 我爱你不是因为你是谁,而是因为跟你在一起时我是谁。

Never frown, even when you are sad, because you never know who is falling in love with your smile. 纵然伤心, 也别愁眉不展, 因为你永远不知道谁会爱上你的笑容。

Don’t cry because it is over, smile because it happened. 不要因为结束而哭泣,微笑吧,为你的曾经拥有。 3.告别演说 比尔·克林顿 I have steered my course by our enduring values

opportunity for all, responsibility from all, a community of all Americans. I have sought to give American a new kind of government, smaller, more modern, more effective, full of ideas and policies appropriate to this new time, always putting people first, always focusing on the future. 我不断前进,全凭我们永恒的价值观

机会属于所有公民,责 任源自所有公民,所有美国公民组成一个大家庭。我一直在寻求给美 国人民一个更小、更现代化、更富效率、面对新时代的挑战充满创意 和对策、永远把人民的利益放在第一位、永远着眼于未来的新型美国 政府。

We must work harder to overcome our differences. In our hearts and in our laws, we must treat all our people with fairness and dignity, regardless of their race, religion, gender or sexual orientation and regardless of when they arrived in our country, always moving towards the more perfect union of our founders’ dreams. 我们必须努力工作以克服我们之间存在的种种分歧于情于法, 我们都要让我们的人民受到公正的待遇,不论他是什么种族、什么信 仰、什么性别或是什么性倾向,也不论他们何时来到这个国家,我们 都要永远为实现先辈们要建立更完美联邦的梦想而奋斗。

My days in this office are nearly through, but my days of service, I hope, are not. In the years ahead, I will never hold a position higher or a 2 背诵文选 covenant more sacred than that of president of the United States. But there is not title I will wear more proudly than that of citizen. 我当总统的日子就要结束了,但是我为美国人民服务的日子,我 希望,没有结束。在未来的岁月里,我再也不会担任一个比美利坚合 众国总统更高的职位、 签订一个比美利坚合众国总统所能签署的更为 神圣的条约。当然,没有任何一个头衔能让我比作为一个美国公民更 为自豪的了。 4.I like the subtle I like the subtle fresh green budding from the branches of the tree -the herald of spring, ushering in the dawn I like the subtle flow of cloud that makes the sky seem even more vast, azure and immense I like the subtle wind. In spring, it steals a kiss on my cheek; in autumn, it caresses my face; in summer, it brings in cool sweet smell; in winter, it carries a crisp chilliness I like the subtle taste of tea that last long after a sip. The subtle bitter is what it is meant to be I like the subtle friendship that does not hold people together. In stead, an occasional greeting spreads our longings far beyond I like the subtle longing for a friend, when I sink deeply in a couch, mind wandering in memories of the past Love should also be subtle, without enslaving the ones fallen into her arms. Not a bit less nor a bit more Subtle friendship is true; subtle greetings are enough; subtle love is tender; subtle longing is deep; subtle wishes come from the bottom of your heart 我喜欢这种淡淡的感觉 我喜欢看树枝上那淡淡的嫩绿,它是春天的使者,它是一天清晨的 开始…… 我喜欢天空中那淡淡的云,它将天空衬的更高更蓝更宽…… 我喜欢淡淡的风。春风轻吻脸颊,秋风抚面温柔,夏天的风送来 凉爽,冬天的风带来清凉…… 我喜欢喝淡淡的茶,淡淡之中才品出它余味的清香,淡淡的苦才是 它原来的味道…… 我喜欢追求淡淡的友谊。

彼此之间不需要天天在一起, 偶尔一句

你好吗?思念就像发芽一样蔓延开来…… 3 熟读精思 我喜欢淡淡地思念一个人,静静地将自己包围在沙发之中,任思 绪在回忆里飘荡…… 爱也要淡淡的。爱,不要成为囚,少是愁多也是忧…… 淡淡的一点友谊很真,淡淡的一点问候很醇,淡淡的一点依恋很 清,淡淡的一点孤独很美,淡淡的一点思念很深,淡淡的一点祝福最 真…… 5.Lake Of Autumn I remember quite clearly now when the story happened. The autumn leaves were floating in measure down to the ground, recovering the lake, where we used to swim like children, under the sun was there to shine. That time we used to be happy. Well, I thought we were. But the truth was that you had been longing to leave me, not daring to tell me. On that precious night, watching the lake, vaguely conscious, you said

“Our story is ending.” The rain was killing the last days of summer. You had been killing my last breath of love, since a long time ago. I still don’t think I’m gonna make it through another love story. You took it all away from me. And there I stand, I knew I was going to be the one left behind. But still I’m watching the lake, vaguely conscious, and I know my life is ending. 秋之湖 我仍清晰地记得故事发生的时候。秋叶翻飞,飘落一地。我们曾 经孩子般戏水畅游过的小湖盖满落叶,在太阳下闪着光。那时我们幸 福过。哦,我是这样认为的。可事实上你早就想离开我,只是不敢告 诉我罢了。在那美丽的夜晚,眼望湖水,恍惚中听见你说:我们的故 事已到尽头。

雨水扼杀着所剩无几的夏日,而你很久以来也在扼杀我奄奄一息 的爱。我仍不认为自己会再去经历另一段爱情故事。你把一切都带走 了。我只有悄然伫立,早已明白自己将会是那个被遗弃的人。而我依 然凝望着湖水,恍惚中,生命正离我而去。 4 背诵文选 6.We are just beginning “ We are reading the first verse of the first chapter of a book whose pages are infinite……” I do not know who wrote those words, but I have always liked them as a reminder that the future can be anything we want to make it. We can take the mysterious, hazy future and carve out of it anything that we can imagine, just as a sculptor carves a statue from a shapeless stone. We are all in the position of the farmer. If we plant a good seed, we reap a good harvest. If our seed is poor and full of weeds, we reap a useless crop. If we plant nothing at all, we harvest nothing at all. I want the future to be better than the past. I don't want it contaminated by the mistakes and errors with which history is filled. We should all be concerned about the future because that is where we will spend the remainder of our lives. The past is gone and static. Nothing we can do will change it. The future is before us and dynamic. Everything we do will affect it. Each day brings with it new frontiers, in our homes and in our business, if we only recognize them. We are just at the beginning of the progress in every field of human endeavor. 我们才刚刚开始 “我们正在读一本书的第一章第一行,这本书的页数是无限 的……” 我不知道是谁写的,可我很喜欢这句话,它提醒我们未来是由 自己创造的。我们可以把神秘、不可知的未来塑造成我们想象中的任 何模样,犹如雕刻家将未成形的石头刻成雕像。

我们每个人都像是农夫。洒下良种将有丰收,播下劣种或生满野 草便将毁去收成。没有耕耘则会一无所获。

我希望未来比过去更加美好, 希望未来不会沾染历史的错误与过 失。我们都应举目向前,因我们的余生要用未来书写。

往昔已逝,静如止水;我们无法再作改变。而前方的未来正生 机勃勃; 我们所做的每一件事都将会影响着它。

只要我们认识到这些, 无论是在家中还是在工作上,每天我们的面前都会展现出新的天地。

在人类致力开拓的每一片领域上,我们正站在进步的起跑点。 5 熟读精思 7.Love Your Life Henry David Thoreau However mean your life is,meet it and live it ;do not shun it and call it hard names.It is not so bad as you are.It looks poorest when you are richest.The fault-finder will find faults in paradise.Love your life,poor as it is.You may perhaps have some pleasant,thrilling,glorious hourss,even in a poor-house.The setting sun is reflected from the windows of the alms-house as brightly as from the rich man's abode;the snow melts before its door as early in the spring.I do not see but a quiet mind may live as contentedly there,and have as cheering thoughts,as in a palace.The town's poor seem to me often to live the most independent lives of any.May be they are simply great enough to receive without misgiving.Most think that they are above being supported by the town;but it often happens that they are not above supporting themselves by dishonest means.which should be more disreputable.Cultivate poverty like a garden herb,like sage.Do not trouble yourself much to get new things,whether clothes or friends,Turn the old,return to them.Things do not change;we change.Sell your clothes and keep your thoughts. 热爱生活 享利.大卫.梭罗 不论你的生活如何卑贱,你要面对它生活,不要躲避它,更别用 恶言咒骂它。它不像你那样坏。你最富有的时候,倒是看似最穷。爱 找缺点的人就是到天堂里也能找到缺点。你要爱你的生活,尽管它贫 穷。甚至在一个济贫院里,你也还有愉快、高兴、光荣的时候。夕阳 反射在济贫院的窗上,像身在富户人家窗上一样光亮;在那门前,积 雪同在早春融化。我只看到,一个从容的人,在哪里也像在皇宫中一 样,生活得心满意足而富有愉快的思想。城镇中的穷人,我看,倒往 往是过着最独立不羁的生活。也许因为他们很伟大,所以受之无愧。

大多数人以为他们是超然的,不靠城镇来支援他们;可是事实上他们 是往往利用了不正当的手段来对付生活,他们是毫不超脱的,毋宁是 不体面的。视贫穷如园中之花而像圣人一样耕植它吧!不要找新的花 样,无论是新的朋友或新的衣服,来麻烦你自己。找旧的,回到那里 去。

万物不变, 是我们在变。

你的衣服可以卖掉, 但要保留你的思想。 6 背诵文选 8.The meaning of life Life is never just being.It is becoming a relentless, flowing on.Our parents live on through us,and we will live on through our children.The institutions we build endure,and we will endure through them.The beauty we fashion cannot be dimmed by death.Our flesh may perish,our hands will wither,but that which they creat in beauty and goodness and truth lives on for all time to come. Don't spend and waste your lives accumulating objects that will only turn to dust and ashes.Pusue not so much the material as the ideal,for ideals alone invest life with meaning and are of enduring worth. Add love to a house and you have a home.Add righteousness to a city and you have a community.Add truth to a pile of red brick and you have a school.Add religion to the hublest of edifices and you have a sanctuary.Add justice to the far-flung round of human endeavor and you have civilization.Put them all together,exalt them above their present imperfections, add to them the vision of humankind redeemed,forever free of need and strife and you have a future lighted with the radiant colors of hope. 7


名家名译欣赏与批评 Appreciation and Criticism on Mater Pieces of Translation Tutor

Cao Hejian , office

C412 67703267 (o), 13671618025 caohj2004@126.com Course description

appreciating, criticizing, improving Basic requirements: Reference books

1)《英美名著翻译比较》喻云根主编,湖 北教育出版社 2)《英译汉名篇欣赏》李亚丹主编,湖北 教育出版社 3)《翻译名家研究》郭著章 等 湖北教育出 版社 语言好不好, 是翻译能否成功的关键。

文字不好的译者, 其翻译是对原作的摧残, 就像时间摧残美人的容颜一样。这是大家都 知道的道理。一本书, 如果文字不好, 即 使别的方面再好, 我也是不读的。我喜欢 漂亮的语言,就像一个美女喜欢时装一样。 华姿 “仁慈的万物” 2005 It is often seen that bad husbands have very good wives; whether it be that it raiseth the price of their husbands kindness when it comes, or that the wives take a pride in their patience. But this never fails, if the bad husbands were of their own choising against their friends? consent; for then they will be sure to make good their own folly. 常可见到许多不出色的丈夫却有一位美丽的妻子。

这莫非是因为这种丈夫由于具有不多的优点, 反而 更值得被珍视吗?也许因为伴随这种丈夫, 将可以 考验一个妇人的忍耐精神吧?如果这种婚姻出自一 个女人的自愿选择, 甚至是不顾亲友的劝告而选择 的, 那么就让她自己去品尝这枚果实的滋味吧。 世人常见劣迹昭著者家有贤妻,这或许是 其偶然的德行因常见的恶劣而愈显珍贵, 抑或妻子藉此可以炫耀其为妇有道。但有 一种解释每每中的:如果这劣夫是她们不 顾亲友反对执意而要嫁的, 则其贤惠, 无非是为了掩饰其择偶失策罢了。 ? 望舒东睇,一碧无烟,独立湖塘,延赏水月,见自 彼月之下,至于目前,一道光芒,滉漾闪烁,访而察 之,皆细浪沦漪,受月光映发而为此也。徘徊数武, 是光景者乃若随人。颇有明理士夫,谓是光景为实有 物,故能相随,且亦有时以此自讶。不悟是光景者, 从人而有,使无见者,则亦无光,更无光景,与人相 逐。盖全湖水面,受月映发,一切平等,特人目与水 对待不同,明暗遂别。不得以所未见,即指为无。是 故虽所见者为一道光芒,他所不尔。又人目易位,前 之暗者,乃今更明。然此种种,无非妄见。以言其实, 则由人目与月作二线入水,成角等者,皆当见光。其 不等者,则全成暗。惟人之察群事也亦然,往往以见 所及者为有,以所不及者为无。执见否以定有无,则 其思之所不赅者众矣。 《天演论》严复 译 I remember quite clearly now when the story happened. The autumn leaves were floating in measure down to the ground, recovering the lake, where we used to swim like children, under the sun was there to shine. That time we used to be happy. Well, I thought we were. But the truth was that you had been longing to leave me, not daring to tell me. On that precious night, watching the lake, vaguely conscious, you said

“Our story is ending.” The rain was killing the last days of summer. You had been killing my last breath of love, since a long time ago. I still don?t think I?m gonna make it through another love story. You took it all away from me. And there I stand, I knew I was going to be the one left behind. But still I'm watching the lake, vaguely conscious, and I know my life is ending. 我仍清晰地记得故事发生的时候,正秋叶翻飞,洒 落一地。我们孩子般畅游嬉戏过的小湖漂满落叶, 在太阳下熠熠闪烁。那时我们幸福过。哦,我是这 样认为的。可事实上你早就想离开我,只是不敢告 诉我罢了。在那美丽的夜晚,眼望湖水,恍惚中听 见你说:我们的故事已到尽头。

雨水扼杀着所剩无几的夏日,很久以来你也在 扼杀我奄奄一息的爱。我已不会再去经历另一段爱 情故事。你把一切都带走了。我只有悄然伫立,早 已明白自己将会是那个被遗弃的人。而我依然凝望 着湖水,恍惚中,生命正离我而去。 He ranged the summer woods now, green with gloom if anything actually dimmer than they had been in November?s gray dissolution, where even at noon the sun fell only in windless dappling upon the earth which never completely dried and which crawled with snakes---moccasins and watersnakes and rattlers, themselves the color of the dappled gloom so that he would not always see them until they moved; returning to camp later and later, dirst day, second day, passing in the twilight of the third evening the little log pen enclosing the log barn where Sam was putting up the stock for the night. (William Faulkner, The Bear) ? 此刻,他在夏日的树林中漫步,林间是一片幽暗 的深绿,真比十一月里那灰蒙蒙的一片肃煞凋零 还显得更加暗淡无光。即使待到中午时分,也只 能在没风时看到斑斑点点的阳光,撒在从来没有 干过的、到处都是蛇在爬行的地面上。那里有毒 蛇、水蛇,还有响尾蛇,这些蛇身上也有灰暗色 的斑纹,因此只有在它们蠕动时,才能看得出来。

头两天,他回营地的时间一天比一天晚;第三天, 他在薄暮中走过小木桩围着的牲口棚,这个牲口 棚也是用木头盖的。这时,山姆正在把牲口赶进 棚里,准备过夜。 审美与翻译 1.语言的魅力:音美、形美、义美 泗水流, 汴水流, 流到瓜洲古渡头, 吴山点点愁。 思悠悠, 恨悠悠, 恨到归时方始休, 明月人倚楼。 Waters of Bian flow, Waters of Si flow, Flow to the old ferry of Guachow, The hills in Wu bow in sorrow. My longing seems to grow, My grieving seems to grow, Grow until comes back my yoke fellow, We lean on the rail in moon glow. (白居易 《长相思》) Walking by the stream, fair images I see, At the bottom of the stream low lies the sky; Across the sky are sailing clouds, And within the clouds I find myself. 《生查子》 辛稼轩 溪边照影行, 天在清溪底; 天上有行云, 人在行云里。 提筐人 心笛 她提着一筐子的哀愁 到江边去抛丢 江波翻起滚滚旧浪 流不尽的是她的愁 她提着一筐子的孤寂 到深山去埋弃 山中泥土长满青苔 埋不尽古今人的寂 Basket She bore a basket of sorrow, And dumped it by the river. The river rolled on, Her sorrow had no ending. She bore a basket of loneliness. And buried it deep in the mountains. The mountain soil is green with moss, Cannot keep down the solitude of the ages. 环滁皆山也。其西南诸峰,林壑尤美。望之蔚然而 深秀者,琅琊也。山行六七里,渐闻水声潺潺而泻出 于两峰之间者,酿泉也。峰回路转,有亭翼然临于泉 上者,醉翁亭也。作亭者谁?山之僧智仙也。名之者 谁?太守自谓也。太守与客来饮于此,饮少辄醉,而 年又最高,故自号曰醉翁也。醉翁之意不在酒,在乎 山水之间也。山水之乐,得之心而寓之酒也。

若夫日出而林霏开,云归而岩穴暝,晦明变化者, 山间之朝暮也。野芳发而幽香,佳木秀而繁阴,风霜 高洁,水落而石出者,山间之四时也。朝而往,暮而 归,四时之景不同,而乐亦无穷也。 至于负者歌于途,行者休于树,前者呼,后者应, 伛偻提携,往来而不绝者,滁人游也。临溪而渔, 溪深而鱼肥,酿泉为酒,泉香而酒洌,山肴野蔌, 杂然而前陈者,太守宴也。宴酣之乐,非丝非竹, 射者中,弈者胜,觥筹交错,起坐而喧哗者,众 宾欢也。苍颜白发,颓然乎其间者,太守醉也。


树林阴翳,鸣声上下,游人去而禽鸟乐也。然而 禽鸟知山林之乐,而不知人之乐;人知从太守游 而乐,而不知太守之乐其乐也。醉能同其乐,醒 能述以文者,太守也。太守谓谁?庐陵欧阳修也。 The Roadside Hut of the Old Drunkard The district of Chu is enclosed all around by hills, of which those in the southwest boast the most lovely forests and dales. In the distance, densely wooded and possessed of a rugged beauty, is Mount Langya. When you penetrate a mile or two into this mountain you begin to hear the gurgling of a stream, and presently the stream - the Brewer's Spring comes into sight cascading between two peaks. Rounding a bend you see a hut with a spreading roof hard by the stream, and this is the Roadside Hut of the Old Drunkard. This hut was built by the monk Zhi Xian. It was given its name by the governor, referring to himself. The governor, coming here with his friends, often gets tipsy after a little drinking; and since he is the most advanced in years, he calls himself the Old Drunkard. He delights less in drinking than in the hills and streams, taking pleasure in them and expressing the feeling in his heart through drinking. Now at dawn and dusk in this mountain come the changes between light and darkness

when the sun emerges, the misty woods become clear; when the clouds hang low, the grottoes are wrapped in gloom. Then in the course of the four seasons you find wild flowers burgeoning and blooming with a secret fragrance, the stately trees put on their mantle of leaves and give a goodly shade, until wind and frost touch all with austerity, the water sinks low and the rocks at the bottom of the stream emerge. A man going there in the morning and returning in the evening during the changing pageant of the seasons, can derive endless pleasure from the place. ? And the local people may be seen making their way there and back in an endless stream, the old and infirm as well as infants in arms, men carrying burdens who sing as they go, passers-by stopping to rest beneath the trees, those in front calling out and those behind answering. There the governor gives a feast with a variety of dishes before him, mostly wild vegetables and other mountain produce. The fish are freshly caught from the stream, and since the stream is deep the fish are fat; the wine is brewed with spring water, and since the spring is sweet the wine is superb. There they feast and drink merrily with no accompaniment of strings or flutes; when someone wins a game of cottabus or chess, when they mark up their scores in drinking games together, or raise a cheerful din sitting or standing, it can be seen that the guests are enjoying themselves. The elderly man with white hair in the middle, who sits utterly relaxed and at his ease, is the governor, already half drunk. Then the sun sinks towards the hills, men's shadows begin to flit about and scatter; and now the governor leaves, followed by his guests. In the shades of the woods birds chirp above and below, showing that the men have gone and the birds are at peace. But although the birds enjoy the hills and forests, they cannot understand men's pleasure in them; and although men enjoy accompanying the governor there, they cannot understand his pleasure either. The governor is able to share his enjoyment with others when he is in his cups, and sober again can write an essay about it. Who is this governor? Ouyang Xiu of Luling. translated by Yang Xianyi 英子跳到中舱,两只桨飞快地划起来, 划进了芦花荡。芦花才吐新穗。紫灰色的 芦穗,发着银光,软软的,滑溜溜的,像 一串丝线。有的地方结了蒲棒,通红的, 像一枝一枝小蜡烛。青浮萍,紫浮萍。长 脚蚊子,水蜘蛛。野菱角开着四瓣的小白 花。惊起一只青桩(一种水鸟),擦着芦 穗,扑鲁鲁鲁飞远了。

汪曾祺 《受戒》 …slipping sly by Sallynoggin, as happy as the day is wet, babbling, bubbling, chattering to herself, deloothering the fields on their elbows leaning with the sloothering slide of her, giddygaddy, grannyma, gossipaceous Anna Livia. He lifts the lifewand and dumb speak. __ Quoiquoiquoiquoiquoiquoiquoiq! Finnegans Wake by James Joys ……偷偷地经莎莉诺金而下, 美不滋儿地像 在雨天似的, 嘀嘀咕咕, 唧唧哝哝, 唠唠 叨叨地自言自语, 哗哗地拐过田野的急转 弯处, 河面随汨汨的水流的转动而倾斜, 这卖弄风情、优游逍遥的老祖奶奶、喋喋 不休的安娜· 莉维亚。


—— 哈哈哈哈哈哈哈! 《芬尼根守灵》 冯建民 译 Some fishing boats were becalmed just in front of us. Their shadows slept, or almost slept, upon the water, a gentle quivering alone showing that it was not complete sleep, or if sleep, that it was sleep with dreams. 眼前不远,渔舟三五,凝滞不前。樯影斜映 水面,仿佛睡去。偶尔微见颤动,似又未尝熟 睡,恍若惊梦。 2. Comprehension, Appreciation and Improvement 1. On one of those sober and rather melancholy days, in the latter part of Autumn, when the shadows of morning and evening almost mingle together, and throw a gloom over the decline of the year, I passed several hours in rambling about the Westminster Abbey. ( W. Irving) Word-explanation


grave, grim; melancholy

sad, low-spirited; gloom

darkness; ramble

wander, stroll On one of those sober and rather melancholy days, in the latter part of Autumn, when the shadows of morning and evening almost mingle together, and throw a gloom over the decline of the year, I passed several hours in rambling about the Westminster Abbey. ( W. Irving) (a)时方晚秋, 气象肃穆, 略带夏郁,早晨的阴影和黄昏 的阴影,几乎连在一起,不可分别,岁将云暮,终日昏暗,我 就在这么一天,到西敏大寺去散步了几个钟头。(夏济安) (b)晚秋时节,岁将云暮,大气昏昏,晨霾与夕雾交融.肃 穆中又有几分阴郁.就在这么一天,我信步漫游西敏寺,在 那里逛了几个钟头。

(刘宓庆) (c)晚秋时节,终日阴沉昏暗,更令年近岁末的时光 增添了几分惨淡。就在这样一个肃穆抑郁的日子里,我 漫步西敏寺,在那里度过了几个小时。 2. During the summer of 1066, this great gathering of audacious buccaneers — landhungry, war-hungry— assembled in a merry company around St. Valery, at the mouth of the Somme. (W. Churchill) Word explanation


bold, daring; buccaneer

pirate; merry

cheerful, joyous, noisy 2. During the summer of 1066, this great gathering of audacious buccaneers — land-hungry, war-hungry— assembled in a merry company around St. Valery, at the mouth of the Somme. (W. Churchill) (a)1066年夏,一大帮胆大包天的海盗—— 一伙觊觎 别人的土地、好战成性的家伙—— 在索姆河口的圣瓦 莱里附近熙熙攘攘地集合起来了。(刘缘子) (b)1066年夏,在索姆河口的圣瓦莱里附近,一大帮 觊觎别人的土地、好战成性的海盗纠合在一起,杀气 腾腾,胆大包天。

(c)1066年夏天,索姆河口圣瓦莱里附近,一大帮觊 觎别人的土地、胆大包天、好战成性的海盗,气焰嚣张 地纠合在一起。 3. Nearly all agreed, at least in private, on the need to strengthen the global institutions, particularly the International Monetary Fund, if they hoped to provide the stability and the discipline that private bankers by themselves could not enforce. ( A. Sampson) Word-explanation


set-rules for conduct 3. Nearly all agreed, at least in private, on the need to strengthen the global institutions, particularly the International Monetary Fund, if they hoped to provide the stability and the discipline that private bankers by themselves could not enforce. ( A. Sampson) (a)大家至少在私下几乎一致地认为,如果他们希 望建立私人银行家凭自己的力量所无法实现的稳定和 纪律,就必须加强各个国际机构,特别是国际货币基 金组织。

(马德麟) (b)必须强化全球性机构,特别是国际货币基金组织, 才有希望建立私人银行家无法实现的稳定和纪律。对这 一点,几乎所有的人,在私下是意见一致的。

(c)必须强化全球性机构、特别是国际货币基金组织, 才有希望建立私人银行家凭自己的力量无法实现的稳定 局面与行业规范。对此,几乎所有的人至少在私下里达 成了共识。 4. In that same village and in one of these very houses ( which to tell the precise truth, was sadly time-worn and weather-beaten), there lived many years since, while the country was yet a province of Great Britain, a simple good-natural fellow, of the name of Rip Van Winkle. (W. Irving) Word-explanation


same, exact; since

ago In that same village and in one of these very houses ( which to tell the precise truth, was sadly time-worn and weather-beaten), there lived many years since, while the country was yet a province of Great Britain, a simple good-natural fellow, of the name of Rip Van Winkle. (W. Irving) (a)好多年前,当这里还是大不列颠的一州的时候,在这个村子里, 而且在这样一所房子里(这所房子,说句老实话,由于年深月久,风吹 雨打,已经破旧不堪),曾经住着一个淳朴善良,名叫瑞 ?凡 ? 温克尔 的人。(万紫等) (b)那是许多年前的事了,当时这里还是大不列颠的一块领地,就 在那个村子里,住着一位淳朴善良的人,名叫瑞普 ?凡 ? 温克尔。温克 尔就住在那一片村舍之中,那些村舍风吹雨打,年久失修,破败的景 象看着实在可悲。 (c)许多年以前,这儿还是大不列颠的一块属 地,就在这个村 子里,在这片历经风吹雨打、年久失修、破败不堪的村舍中,住 着一位淳朴善良的人,名叫瑞普 ?凡 ? 温克尔。 5. At Paris, just after dark one gusty evening in autumn of 18…, I was enjoying the twofold luxury of meditation and a meerschaum, in company with my friend, C. Auguste Dupin, in his little back library, or book-closet, au troisieme, No. 33 Rue Dunot, Faubourg Saint-Germain. ( E.A. Poe) gusty

stormy; meerschaum

海泡石(烟斗) troisieme

third floor; Rue

street; Faubourg

suburb; Faubourg Saint-Germain

the old aristocratic quarter of Paris At Paris, just after dark one gusty evening in autumn of 18…, I was enjoying the twofold luxury of meditation and a meerschaum, in company with my friend, C. Auguste Dupin, in his little back library, or book-closet, au troisieme, No. 33 Rue Dunot, Faubourg Saint-Germain. (a)18…年秋,在巴黎的一个风声萧瑟的傍晚,天刚黑之后,我正享受 着双层乐趣,一边沉思,一边吸着海泡石烟斗,我和我的朋友C ?奥古斯 特?迪潘特待在一起,这是他的图书室,一个藏书的小后间,在圣日尔蔓 旧郊区登诺街33号四层楼。

(雨宁) (b)十九世纪的某年,在巴黎的一个夜幕初降,秋风萧瑟的傍晚,我 一边抽着海泡石烟斗,一边陷入冥冥之中,享受着这双层的无上乐趣, 我身边是好友C ?奥古斯特?迪潘,这个小书房,就是他家的一个小后间, 坐落在圣日尔蔓旧郊区登诺街33号四楼。

(c)十九世纪,有一年秋天,在巴黎一个暮色初降,风雨交加的傍晚, 在从前贵族居住的圣日尔曼旧郊区登诺街三十三号三楼一间图书室、 一间背街的小书房里,我一边享受着海泡石烟斗,一边沉浸在悠悠思 绪中。身边坐着我的好友与房子的主人C ?奥古斯特?迪潘。


2014 年高考英语真题 ——《英语天机》均按照图片版校对 2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语(北京卷) 本试卷共 16 页, 共 150 分。考试时间为 120 分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上作答 无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分:听力理解(共三节:30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,听完 每段对话后, 你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话你将听一遍。

What is the man going to rend? A. A newspaper B. A magazine C. A book 答案是 A 1. What juice does the man order? A. Lemon B. Apple C. Orange 2. What subject does the man like best? A. History. B. Biology. C. Chemistry. 3. Where is the woman from? A. Britain. B. Russia. C. America. 4. What kind of student bus pass does the woman want? A. Weekly. B. Monthly. C. Yearly. 5. What are the two speakers going to buy for Mary’s birthday? A. A bicycle. B. A pen. C. A book. 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最佳选项。

听每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的时间阅读每小题。听完后,每小题将给出 5 秒钟的 作答时间。每段对话或独 白你将听两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。

6. What’s wrong with the woman ? A. She has a cough. B. She has a headache. 7. How long is the medicine for? A. One day. B. Two days. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 9 题。

8. What does the woman need? A. Some ink. B. A printer. 9. What problem does the man have? A. He can’t send a text message.. B. He can’t hear the woman clearly. C. She has a fever. C. Three days. C. Some paper. C. He can’t be back to the office soon. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。

10. What does the woman plan to do at first? A. To stay at home. B. To eat out. 11. When will the two speakers meet? A. At 11:oo am.. B. At 2:00 pm. 12. What is the man trying to do? A. To introduce a new pizza to the woman. B. To remind the woman to relax herself. C. To invite the woman to see a movie. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 15 题。

13. When did the family visit the Design Museum? A. On Friday. B. On Saturday. 14. How did the family go to Hyde Park? A. On foot. B. By taxi. 15. What is the speaker mainly talking about? A. Amazing attraction in London. B. A four-day trip to London. C. A dream about London. C. To see a film. C. At 4:00 pm. C. On Sunday. C. By train. 第三节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 听下面一段对话,完成第 16 至 20 五道小题,每小题仅填写一个词,听对话前,你将有 20 秒钟的 时间阅读试 题,听完后你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。

Ticket booking Form Event & Date Modern 16 Festival, June 10th 17 section Number & Section Two tickets, Name Address Payment Way of Delivery George Room 18 19 , Thomas Place, 74 William avenue Visa, 2564 8549 7215 By 20 第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白出的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。

例:It’s so nice to hear from her again. , we last met more than thirty years ago. A. What’s more B. That’s to say C. In other words D. Believe it or not 答案是 D。

21. Some animals carry seeds from one place to another, ______ plants can spread to new places. A. so B. or C. for D. but 22. ---Hi, let’s go skating. --- Sorry, I’m busy right now. I _______ in an application form for a new job. A. fill B. have filled C. am filling D. will fill 23. Jane is in a hurry because the train to the airport leaves _______ half an hour. A. by B. in C. for D. until 24. __ carefully if any change occurs when doing experiments in the lab.. A. Observe B. To observe C. Observed D. Observing 25. Last night, there were millions of people _______ the opening ceremony live on TV. A. watch B. to watch C. watched D. watching 26. I borrow the book Sherlock Holmes from the library last week, ______ my classmates recommended to me.. A. who B. which C. when D. Where 27. ________ I have a word with you? It won’t take long. A. Can B. Must C. Shall D. Should 28. There are still many problems ______ before we are ready for a long stay on the Moon. A. solving B. solved C. being solved D.to be solved 29. _______ the forest park is far away, a lot of tourists visit it every year. A. As B. When C. Even though D. In case 30. The best moment for the football star was _______ he scored the winning goal. A. where B. when C. how D. why 31. --- What time is it? --- I have no idea. But just a minute, I ______ it for you. A. check B. checked C. will check D. would check 32. I found the lecture hard to follow because it _______ when I arrived. A. started B. was starting C. would start D. had started 33. Some people believe _______ has happened before or is happening now will repeat itself in the future. A. whatever B. whenever. C. wherever D. however 34. We __________ back in the hotel now if you didn’t lose the map. A. are B. were C. will be D. would be 35. The film star wears sunglasses. Therefore, he can go shopping without ______. A. recognizing B. being recognized C. having recognized D. having been recognized 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。

The Fitting-in of Suzy Khan The first time I saw Suzy Khan, I knew I had to help her. She was really small for her age of 12. The boy in my class often 36 about her and laughed their heads off. She would open a book, pretending to read, with tears dropping on the open page. All I knew was that she was an orphan (孤儿) from Africa. She had just been adopted by a family in town who 37 that the best way for her to learn American ways of life was to be with American kids. I looked down at this 38 girl and promised myself that somehow I would help her. But how could I help her 39 in with us? There had to be a 40 . One day, when I went into the classroom, I saw that Suzy had 41 her geography book to a picture of a train, and in her notebook, she had made a(n) 42 copy. I was surprised and thought that she could do something in the coming 43 show. So, I took her to see the art teacher, Miss Parker, and showed her what Suzy had 44 . “Why, it’s wonderful,” said Miss Parker, who then showed us a poster she had painted 45 the talent show. “I need more of these, but I just don’t have enough 46 . Could you help me, Suzy?” On the day of the talent show, Suzy’s 47 were everywhere—all over the hall and all over the school, each one different. “And finally,” said Mr. Brown, the schoolmaster, at the end of the show, “we have a (n) ________ award. I’m sure you’ve all noticed the wonderful posters.” Everyone nodded. “One of our own students 49 them.” I could hear everyone whispering. “Who in our school could draw 50 well?” Mr. Brown waited a while before saying, “ 51 this student worked so hard on the posters, she deserves a 52 , too. Our mystery(神秘) artist is our new student—Suzy Khan!” Mr. Brown thanked her for all the wonderful posters and gave her a professional artist’s set. “Thank you,” she cried. I 53 , at that time when I was looking at her excited face, she’d probably never 54 anything in her whole life. Everyone started to 55 their hands. Suzy Khan gave them a shy smile and the applause was deafening. I knew then Suzy was going to be all right. 36. A. joked B. cared C. trains D. worried 37. A. reported B. decided C. complained D. questioned 38. A. rich B. proud C. tiny D. popular 39. A. come B fall C. fit D. tie 40. A. manner B. pattern C. choice D. way 41. A. read B. taken C. opened D. put 42. A. free B. perfect C. final D. extra 43. A. art B. talk C. quiz D. talent 44. A. colored B. written C. carved D. drawn 45. A. at B. after C. for D. around 46. A. room B. time C. paper D. interest 47. A. gifts B. books C. photos D. posters 48. A. special B. academic C. national D. royal 49. A. painted B. found C. printed D. collected 50. A. very B. that C. quite D. too 51. A. If B. Though C. Unless D. Since 52. A. prize B. rank C. rest D. place 53. A. replied B. realized C. remembered D. regretted 54. A. offered B. valued C. owned D. controlled 55. A. clap B. wave C. raise D. shake 第三部分:阅读理解 (共两节,40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium (水族馆) The all-new Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium, situated in the heart of Melbourne’s CBD, is one of Victoria’s leading visitor attractions and an unforgettable outing for the whole family. Having 12 amazing zones of discovery, Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium is the very place that you cannot miss when you visit the city. * Opening Times Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium is open from 9:30 am until 6:00 pm every day of the year, including public holidays. Last admission is at 5:00 pm, one hour before closing. * Location ( 位置) Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium is located on the corner of Flinders Street and King Street, Melbourne. It is situated on the Yarra River, opposite Crown Entertainment Complex. * Getting to Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium Train The Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium is a short walk from either Flinders or Southern Cross train stations. Tram(有轨电车) The Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium train stop is located on the free City Circle Tram route (公交线路) and also routes 70 and 75. City Circle trams run every 10 minutes in both directions. Shuttle Bus The Melbourne City Tourist is a free bus service, stopping at key tourist attractions in and around the City. Running daily, every 15 minutes from 10:00 am to 4:00 pm. Car Parking While there is no public car parking at Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium, there are several public car parking lots available only a short walk away. * Wheelchair Access Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium provides people in wheelchairs with full access to all 12 zones. Each floor also has wheelchair accessible toilets. * Terms Tickets will be emailed to you immediately after purchase or you can download and print your ticket once payment has been accepted. Please print out all tickets purchased and present at the front entrance of Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium. No ticket, no entry! 56. Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium _________. A. is located at the center of the CBD in the city B. has 12 most attractive places in Melbourne C. admits visitors from 9:30 am until 6:00 pm D. is beside Crown Entertainment Complex 57. Getting to Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium, visitors can take ________. A. trains from Southern Cross train station B. shuttle buses around the train station C. boats across the Yarra River D. either tram route 70 or 75 58. Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium offers visitors ________. A. free car parking B. wheelchair access C. Internet connection D. transportation service 59. Tickets to Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium ________. A. are free to all visitors B. can be purchased by email C. rare checked at the entrance D. can be printed at the ticket office B The Brown Bear My wife Laura and I were on the beach, with three of our children, taking pictures of shore birds near our home in Alaska when we spotted a bear. The bear was thin and small, moving aimlessly. Just a few minutes later, I heard my daughter shouting, “Dad! The bear is right behind us!” An aggressive bear will usually rush forward to frighten away its enemy but would suddenly stop at the last minute. This one was silent and its ears pinned back---- the sign (迹象) of an animal that is going in for the kill. And it was a cold April day. The bear behaved abnormally, probably because of hunger. I held my camera tripod (三脚架) in both hands to form a barrier as the bear rushed into me. Its huge head was level with my chest and shoulders, and the tripod stuck across its mouth. It bit down and I found myself supporting its weight. I knew I would not be able to hold it for long. Even so, this was a fight I had to win

I was all that stood between the bear and my family, who would stand little chance of running faster than a brown bear. The bear hit at the camera, cutting it off the tripod. I raised my left arm to protect my face; the beast held tightly on the tripod and pressed it into my side. My arm could not move, and I sensed that my bones were going to break. Drawing back my free hand, I struck the bear as hard as I could for five to six times. The bear opened its mouth and I grasped its fur, trying to push it away. I was actually wrestling (扭打) with the bear at this point. Then, as suddenly as it had begun, the fight ended. The bear moved back toward the forest, before returning for another attack----- The first time I felf panic. Apparently satisfied that we caused no further threat, the bear moved off, destroying a fence as it went. My arm was injured, but the outcome for us could hardly have been better. I’m proud that my family reminded clearheaded when panic could have led to a very different outcome. 60. The brown bear approached the family in order to _______. A. catch shore birds B. start an attack C. protect the children D. set up a barrier for itself 61. The bear finally went away after it _______. A. felt safe B. got injured C. found some food D. took away the camera 62. The writer and his family survived mainly due to their ______. A. pride B. patience C. calmness D. cautiousness C Choosing the Right Resolution (决定) Millions of Americans began 2014 with the same resolution they started 2013 with, a goal of losing weight. However, setting weight loss as a goal is a mistake. To reach our goal of losing weight --- the output, we need to control what we eat --- the input ( 输入). That is, we tend to care about the output but not to control the input. This is a bad way to construct goals. The alternative is to focus your resolution on the input. Instead of resolving to lose weight, try an actionable resolution

“I’ll stop having desert for lunch,” or “I’ll walk every day for 20 minutes.” Creating a goal that focuses on a well-specified input will likely be more effective than concentrating on the outcome. Recently a new science behind incentives (激励) , including in education, has been discussed. For example, researcher Roland Fryer wanted to see what works best in motivating children to do better in school. In some cases, he gave students incentives based on input, like reading certain books, while in others, the incentives were based on output, like results on exams. His main finding was that incentives increased achievement when based on input but had no effect on output. Fryer ’s conclusion was that the intensives for inputs might be more effective because do not know how to do better on exam, aside from general rules like “study harder.” Reading certain books, on the other hand, is a well-set task over which they have much more control. As long as you have direct control over your goal, you have a much higher chance of success. And it’s easier to start again if you fail, because you know exactly what you need to do. If you want to cut down on your spending, a good goal would be making morning coffee at home instead of going to a cafe, for example. This is a well-specified action-based goal for which you can measure your success easily. Spending less money isn’t a goal because it’s too general. Similarly, if you want to spend more time with your family, don’t stop with this general wish. Think about an actionable habit that you could adopt and stick to, like a family movie night every Wednesday. In the long run, these new goals could become a habit. 63. The writer thinks that setting weight loss as a goal is a mistake because _______. A. it is hard to achieve for most Americans B. it is focused too much on the result C. it is dependent on too many things D. it is based on actionable decisions 64. In Roland Fryer ’s research, some students did better than the others because ______. A. they obeyed all the general rules B. they paid more attention to exams C. they were motivated by their classmates D. they were rewarded for reading some books 65. According to the writer, which of the following statements is a good goal? A. “I’ll give up desert.” B. “I’ll study harder.” C. “I’ll cut down my expense” D. “I’ll spend more time with my family” 66. The writer strongly believes that we should ________. A. develop good habits and focus on the outcome B. be optimistic about final goals and stick to them C. pick specific actions that can be turned into good habits D. set ambitious goals that can balance the input and output D Store Scent(香味) What is the first thing you notice when you walk into a shop? The products displayed (展示) at the entrance? Or the soft background music? But have you ever notice the smell? Unless it is bad, the answer is likely to be no. But while a shop’s scent may not be outstanding compared with sights and sounds, it is certainly there. And it is providing to be an increasing powerful tool in encouraging people to purchase. A brand store has become famous for its distinctive scent which floats through the fairly dark hall and out to the entrance, via scent machines. A smell may be attractive but it may not just be used for freshening air. One sports goods company once reported that when it first introduced scent into its stores, customers’ intension to purchase increased by 80 percent. When it comes to the best shopping streets in Pairs, scent is just as important to a brand’s success as the quality of its window displays and goods on sale. That is mainly because shopping is a very different experience to what it used to be. Some years ago, the focus for brand name shopping was on a few people with sales assistants’ disproving attitude and don’t-touch-what-you-can’t-afford displays. Now the rise of electronic commerce (e-commerce) has opened up famous brands to a wider audience. But while e-shops can use sights and sounds, only bricks-andmortar stores (实体店) can offer a full experience from the minute customers step through the door to the moment they leave. Another brand store seeks to be much more than a shop, but rather a destination. And scent is just one way to achieve this. Now a famous store uses complex man-made smell to make sure that the soft scent of baby powder floats through the kid department, and coconut (椰子) scent in the swimsuit section. A department store has even opened a new lab, inviting customers on a journey into the store’s windows to smell books, pots and drawers, in search of their perfect scent. 67. According to the passage, what is an increasingly powerful tool in the success of some brand store? A. Friendly assistant. B. Unique scents. C. Soft background music D. attractive window display. 68. E-shops are mentioned in the passage to _______. A. show the advantages of brick-and-mortar stores B. urge shop assistants to change their attitude C. push stores to use sights and sounds D. introduce the rise of e-commerce 69. The underlined word “destination” in Paragraph 5 means _______. A. a platform that exhibits goods B. a spot where travelers like to stay C. a place where customers love to go D. a target that a store expects to meet 70. The main purpose of the passage is to ______. A. compare and evaluate B. examine and assess C. argue and discuss D. inform and explain 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分。共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Evaluating Sources (来源) of health Information Making good choices about your own health requires reasonable evaluation. A key first step in bettering your evaluation ability is to look carefully at your sources of healthy information. Reasonable evaluation includes knowing where and how to fins relevant information, how to separate fact from opinions, how to recognize poor reasoning, and how to analyze information and the reliability of sources. 71 Go to the original source. Media reports often simplify the results of medical research. Find out for yourself what a study really reported, and determine whether it was based on good science. Think about the type of study. 72 Watch for misleading language. Some studies will find that a behavior “contributes to” or is “associated with” an outcome; this does not mean that a certain course must lead to a certain result. 73 Carefully read or listen to information in order to fully understand it. Use your common sense. If a report seems too good to be true, probably it is. Be especially careful of information contained in advertisements. 74 Evaluate “scientific” statements carefully, and be aware of quackery(江湖骗术). 75 Friends and family members can be a great source of ideas and inspiration, but each of us needs to find a healthy lifestyle that works for us. Developing the ability to evaluate reasonably and independently about the health problems will serve you well throughout your life. A. Make choice that are right for you. B. The goal of an ad is to sell you something. C. Be sure to work through the critical questions. D. And examine the findings of the original research. E. Distinguish between research reports and public health advice. F. Be aware that information may also be incorrectly explained by an author ’s point of view. G. The following suggestions can help you sort through the health information you receive from common sources. 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节 (15 分) 你给英国朋友 Chris 写一封信,内容包括

1.你们原计划 7 月份一同去云南旅游; 2.由于脚部受伤,你无法按原计划前往; 3.表达你的歉意并建议将旅行推迟到 8 月份。


1.词数不少于 50。



Dear Chris, __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ Yours, Joe (请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内) 第二节(20 分) 假设你是红星中学高三(1)班的学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,为校刊“英语园地”写一 篇短文,记述你和同学们向学校提建议,解决自行车存放问题的过程。

注意:1.词数不少于 60。

2.短文的开头已给出,不计入总词数。 There was a problem with the parking place for bikes in our school. (请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内) 2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语(北京卷) 答案 第一部分:听力理解(共三节,30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 1-5

CABBC 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分) 6-10

CACBA 11-15

ACABB 第三节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 7.5 分) 每小题 1.5 分,如出现拼写错误不计分;出现大小写、单复数错误扣 0.5 分;如每小题超过一个词不 计分) 16. Dance 17. middle 18. Hinde (原文如此) 19. 104 20. post 第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分) 21-25:ACBAD 26-30

BADCB 31-35

CDADB 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,共 30 分) 36-40

ABCCD 41-45

CBDDC 46-50

BDAAB 51-55:DABCA 第三节:阅读理解(共两节,40 分) 56-60

ADBCB 61-65

ACBDA 66-70

CBACD 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 71-75

GDFBA 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分) 第一节(15 分) One possible version

Dear Chris, How is it going? I remember we planned to visit Yunnan in July. But now, because my left foot was injured, I cannot go with you as planned. I’m sorry about it. Can I suggest that we put it off until early august? I wish you could understand. I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon. Yours, Joe 第二节(20 分) 一、内容要点 1. 点明问题; 2. 讨论问题; 3. 提交建议; 4. 看到变化。

One possible version

There was a problem with the parking place for bikes in our school. I noticed the entrance was small and almost blocked. So my classmates and I had a discussion and wrote a report. Then we went to meet the schoolmaster in his 作文office and gave the report to him. He accepted our suggestions. Soon afterwards, a second entrance was opened to the parking place. Now it is easy to park our bikes there. 《英语天机 高考英语命题来源》感谢各位分享——2014 年高考英语真题 2014 年 6 月 13 日